Islamic Month Safar Is Not Bad and Misconceptions-The Month of Distinction
Islamic Month Safar Is Not Bad and Misconceptions
Table of Contents
Islamic Month Safar — Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic calendar. Literal meaning of Safar is empty. During this month the houses used to be empty and deserted because the ban on going to war in the month of Muharram came to an end and everyone proceeded towards the battlefield.
Safar also means to be yellow. When the names of the months were being given it was the season of autumn and the leaves of the trees were yellow.
Many people have erroneous beliefs regarding this month i.e. it is a month of misfortune and calamities. The teachings of Allah Ta’ala and His Most Beloved Rasool (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) gives us clear guidelines on such incorrect beliefs.
Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) says in the Qur’an al-Kareem:
ما أصاب من مصيبة إلا بإذن الله
“No misfortune befalls except by Allah’s command…” [Surah Tagabun, Verse 11]
These erroneous beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Ahadith:
لا عدوى ولا طيرة ولا هامة ولاصفر
There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 5707]
لا عدوى ولا صفر ولا غول
There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits). [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2222]
The above Ahadith clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar. These incorrect beliefs flow from the pre-Islamic period of Jahiliyyah.
The Islamic Month of Safar during the Days of Ignorance .The Muhaddithin have recorded many of the superstitions harbored by the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance. A few are mentioned below:
1. The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a snake which lives in the stomach of a human being and when hungry, bites the person. This is the discomfort one experiences when gripped by the pangs of hunger.
2. Some said Safar are worms which originate in the liver and ribs due to which the colour of the person becomes yellow, a condition we know today as jaundice.
3. According to some, the month of Safar flanked by Muharram and Rabi al Awwal is full of calamities and misfortune.
With the advent of Islam and the teachings of Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam), all evil and incorrect beliefs common in pre-Islamic times were discarded.
Today too, there are some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar.
1. A nikah performed in this month would not be successful.
2. This month is full of misfortune and calamities.
3. To commence any important venture, business etc. during this month will bring bad luck.
4. The first to the thirteenth of Safar is ill-fortune and evil.
5. The person who distributes food or money on the 13th of Safar will be saved from its ill-fortune.
6. To celebrate the last Wednesday of Safar and regard it as a holiday.
Islamic Month Safar What to do
1. To shun all types of erroneous beliefs regarding the blessed month of Safar.
2. To understand that the most unfortunate person is he who disobeys Allah Ta’ala’s commandments e.g. does not perform the five daily salaah etc. It is narrated in a hadith that Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) said: “Pray, 0 Allah! Cause not anyone of us to be a wretched destitute.
” He then asked: “Do you know who is a wretched destitute?” Upon the request of the Sahabah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhum) he replied, “A wretched destitute is he who neglects his salaat.”
3. We should understand that all conditions which befalls us, good or bad, favourable, or unfavourable are from Allah Ta’ala, (as a result of our actions). Allah Ta’ala says: ” Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin.” (Surah 42 – Verse 30).
This can also be confirmed by the following Hadith:
Sayyadina Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) has said that, “I have heard Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue.”
Unveiling the Facts
1. Safar in Islamic History
Safar holds historical significance dating back to the time of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It was during this month that the Prophet’s journey to Ta’if took place, a pivotal event in Islamic history. This journey showcases the Prophet’s unwavering determination and resilience in the face of adversity.
2. Prohibition of Superstitions
Islamic teachings explicitly prohibit superstitions and baseless beliefs. The Prophet Muhammad emphasized the importance of placing one’s trust in Allah rather than attributing power to specific days or months. Therefore, the idea of Safar bringing misfortune is contrary to the fundamental principles of Islam.
3. Seeking Blessings in All Months
Islam encourages believers to seek blessings and engage in acts of worship consistently. Labeling any Islamic month as insignificant contradicts this principle. Safar provides a valuable opportunity for Muslims to engage in acts of worship, increase their faith, and seek Allah’s blessings.
Navigating Safar with Wisdom
As believers, it’s crucial to approach the month of Safar with wisdom and knowledge. Instead of succumbing to baseless beliefs, consider the following:
1. Trust in Allah’s Plan
Understanding that Allah’s plan supersedes any perceived notions of luck or misfortune is key. Trusting in His divine wisdom allows believers to navigate life’s challenges with grace and perseverance.
2. Embrace Continuous Growth
Every month, including Safar, offers a chance for self-improvement and spiritual growth. Engage in acts of worship, self-reflection, and charitable deeds throughout the year, recognizing that blessings can be found in all moments.
In conclusion, the month of Safar holds a distinct place in Islamic tradition, free from the negative connotations and superstitions that surround it. By dispelling these misconceptions and embracing the teachings of Islam, believers can approach Safar and every other month with a heart full of faith, hope, and gratitude.