Virtues of Surah Ikhlas English Benefits (Chapter 112)
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In The Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
(Monotheism) Number of Verses: 4
This Surah, as its name indicates, is about the Unity of Allah, and His Oneness. In its four verses, the Surah describes monotheism completely.
On the occasion of revelation of this Surah, a tradition from Imam Sadiq (as) says:
"A Jew asked the holy Prophet (S) to describe the identity or to relate the geneology of Allah. He remained silent and gave no answer for three days, then, the Messenger Angel brought (him) this Surah and he (S) gave them their answer.”1
Some other narrations denote that the Jew who asked this question was, Abdullah ibn Suriya, one of the known chiefs of the Jews. Another narration says that 'Abdullah ibn Salam asked this question from the holy Prophet (S), in Mecca, and believed (in Islam). But, he kept his faith concealed.
Another narration says that the pagans of Mecca asked such a question.
In some narrations it is also said that the Christians of Najran asked the question.
There is no contradiction in these narrations because the question may have been asked by all of them, separately, which is, itself, an evidence to the extraordinary importance of this Surah, which answers the questions of different persons from various groups.
Surah Ikhlas English Benefits
On the virtue of reciting this Surah, numerous narrations from the holy Prophet (S) and Ahlul-Bait (as) are cited in Islamic sources which refer to the extraordinary greatness of the Surah. The author of Atyab-ul-Bayan Commentary, collected 25 of them.3
The holy Prophet (S) is narrated to have said in a tradition:
"Is there anyone of you unable to recite one third of the Qur'an in one night"?
One of his listeners asked:
"O Messenger of Allah! Who is able to do that"?
The Prophet (S) said: "Recite 'Say: He, Allah, is One! (Surah Ikhlas)”.
A tradition says that the recitation of this Surah, when arriving at a home, causes the increase of sustenance and removing poverty from the people therein.
There are ninety different traditions and narrations mentioned, with their approved references, on the virtue and commentary of this Surah in Tafsir-i-Nur-uth- Thaqalayn.
On the idea that reading this Surah is equal to one third of the whole Qur'an, some have said that it is for the reason that the Holy Qur'an contains ordinances, creeds, and history, and this Surah states the creed part in an intensive form.
Some others have said that the Qur'an is made up of three main themes; origin, end, and what is in the middle between these two, and this Surah is about the first theme.
This meaning, that about one third of the Qur'an is the description of monotheism, is also acceptable; the extract of which has come in this Surah.
In conclusion, of this statement, we cite a tradition on the splendor of the Surah.
Imam Ali-ibn al-Husain az-Zain-ul-Abideen (as) was asked about Surah Ikhlas (Monotheism), and he said:
"Verily Allah, the Almighty and Glorious, knew that at the end of time there will come some people who will be precise and careful (in affairs), then, He sent down the Surah (Ikhlas), and the beginning verses of Surah Hadid up to
'And He has full knowledge of the secrets of (all) hearts'.
Everyone who seeks beyond this will perish".
This Surah was revealed in Makkah and it has 4 verses. It is also known as Surah al-Ikhlaas. It is narrated from the Holy Prophet (S) that whoever recites this Surah once will get the reward equal to ten times the number of people who have believed in the Islamic teachings.
This Surah has many other rewards and its recitation is compared to reciting a third of the Holy Qur’an. Reciting it once is a means of blessings for the reciter, if recited twice then the blessings are also showered upon the children of the reciter. Reciting it thrice brings blessings on the entire family of the reciter. If Surah al-Ikhlas is recited 11 times, the reciter will have palaces built for him in Jannah.
When a person recites this Surah 100 times, all his sins for the past 25 years are forgiven (except the sins of killing an innocent person or usurping the property of people). The one who recites it 1000 times will not die unless he sees his place in Jannah.
The Holy Prophet (S) once advised a poor person to always say ‘salaam’ when entering his house, even if there was nobody there, and then recite Surah at-Tawhid. After a little while, the man became abundantly wealthy.
It is narrated that if a person does not recite this Surah in any of his five daily prayers, it is as if he has not prayed. In fact, if a person does not recite this Surah in any of his prayers for seven consecutive days, and he dies, it will be as if he died while following the religion of Abu Lahab.
It is makruh to recite this Surah in one breath. This Surah has numerous other benefits and is a cure for many ailments. It should be recited when travelling or when facing a tyrant ruler.
1) Recitation is equal to 1/3 of Qur'an
2) If one recites this surah 11 times, they are guaranteed palaces in Jannah
3) If recited 100 times, 25 years of sins forgiven
4) Recite for abundance in wealth
5) Safety in travelling, as well as for Hajat
6) Reciter gets protection from 'evil eye’
This surah is one third of the holy Quran.
See(iii), (iv) of 109.
Whoso recites this surah a hundred times before going to sleep Allah would forgive his sins comitted in forty years.
Whoso does not recite this surah in any of the five salats in a day all his five salats would go waste, rendered null and void.
Whoso recites this surah in his obligatory salats Allah grants him good in this world as well as in the next life and forgives him, his parents and his children.
When the Holy Prophet prayed the funeral salat of Sad bin Maz, seventy thousand angels were praying with him including Jibrail, because Sad used to recite this surah very much, sitting, standing, walking, riding, all the time.
Recite this surah and bismillahir rahmanir rahim on the right side, on the left side, upward and downward.
When a person goes to see an unjust man-in-authority, he should recite this surah 3 times and close the fist and open it when the interview is finished.
Imam Jafar al Sadiq said that in salats this surah or surah al Kafirun can be recited in place of any other surah but no other surah should be recited in place of these two surahs.
Do not recite this surah in one breath.
Whoso recites this surah ten times at the time of going out from the house remains in the protection of Allah till he comes back.
Imam Ali ibn abi Talib used to recite this surah in every salat. The Holy Prophet said:
“O Ali, surah al Ikhlas is your favourite and beloved surah because you are the favourite and the beloved of Allah.”
Whoso recites this surah in his bed Allah forgives his sins committed in 50 years.
Whoso recites this surah once is like he who has recited one third of the Holy Quran, Injil, Tawrat and Zabur.
Imam Ali ibn abi Talib said: “Whoso recites surah al Ikhlas before dawn whatever frightens him would disappear, he would not make any error that day however much Iblis might try.
Whoso recites surah al Fatihah once and this surah 30 times in each of the first two rak-ats of tahajjud all the sins he might have committed would inshallah be forgiven.
The Holy Prophet said: “O Ali, you are like surah al Ikhlas. Whoso recites this surah once it is as if he has recited one third of the Quran; whoso recites it twice it is as if he has recited two third of the Quran; whoso recites it thrice it is as if he has recited the whole Quran. Just like it is your case. Whoso loves you in his heart for him is the reward equal to one third worship of all the people; whoso makes your love known to the people, for him is the reward equal to two-third worship of all the virtuous people; whoso gives expression to your love with his limbs (by deeds), for him the reward is equal to the whole worship of all the virtuous people.” Say 3 times kazalikallahu rabbi (like this is my Allah) when you finish reciting this surah.
Whoso recites this surah on the graves of believing men and believing women earns great rewards. Allah likes very much those who recite this surah regularly.
It is a fortress for protection against every kind of affliction and calamity.
If this surah is recited for a dead person the reward is of reciting the whole Quran.
If this surah is recited over the eyes of a man suffering eye-sore he would be cured.
Whoso recites this surah ten times while passing by a graveyard for those believers buried therein, would earn reward equal the number of buried believers.
Imam Muhamamd bin Ali al Baqir said:
“Once Ali gave 400 advices to his companions in a single sitting to make better the day to day life and have a good knowledge of religion:
Recite surah al Ikhlas before daybreak; also surah al Qadr and Ayat ul Kursi; all fears would disappear, and the reciter would not do any wrong the whole day however much Iblis might try.
Go out on a Thursday morning in quest of fulfilment of your needs. Whenever a man goes out of his house he should recite the last verses 190 to 200 of Aali Imran, Ayatul Kursi al Qadr and al Fatihah if he wants his efforts to be fruitful in this world and get a reward in the hereafter.
When Shaytan creates evil ideas in your mind seek Allah’s protection, saying:
amantu billahi wa bi rasulihi mukhlisan lahud din
At the time of putting on new garments; do wuzu, pray a 2 rak-at salat; in each rak-at recite surah al Fatihah, Ayatul Kursi, surah al Ikhlas, surah al Qadr; and give thanks to Allah for providing comforts of life and good position in society.
la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahil aliyyil azim.
The reciter would not disobey Allah, always an angel would seek forgiveness for him, and Allah would have mercy on him.
Say assalamu alaykum (peace be on you all whenever you enter your house, and if there is no one in the house say: assalamu alayna min rabina (peace be onus from our Lord).
And while going in the house recite surah al Ikhlas because it would drive away poverty and bring prosperity. Imam Jafar al Sadiq said:
One day the Holy Prophet asked his companions:
“Who among you always fast?”
“O, prophet of Allah, I do,” replied Salman Farsi.
“Who among you remain awake the whole night?” asked he.
“I do,” said Salman.
“Who among you recite the whole Quran every day?” He asked.
“I do”, said Salman.
These replies annoyed some of his companions. One of them said:
“O Prophet of Allah, Salman is a Persian, so in order to prove his superiority over us, the Quraysh, he said that he always fast, though we have seen him eating and drinking water during day time; we have seen him sleeping in the nights; we have seen him quiet without uttering a single word.”
The Holy Prophet said:
“Ask Salman. He will give you the answer.”
Then Salman said:
“I fast thrice in a month. “Whosoever comes with a good deed for him shall be ten like thereof,” says Allah; and I join the fasts of the month of Shaban with the fasts of the month of Ramazan. In this way I am like him who fasts for the whole year.
I have heard my beloved friend, the Messenger of Allah, saying that whoever, after doing wuzu, in a state of cleanliness, goes to sleep is like him who remains awake the whole night. So I go to sleep after doing wuzu. I have heard the Holy Prophet saying:
“O Ali, your example in my ummah is like surah Ikhlas; and whoever recites surah al Ikhlas once has, in fact, recited one third of the Quran, so whoso recites it 3 times has, in fact, recited the whole Quran.
Whoso loves you, O Ali, from the bottom of his heart, his one third belief has perfected, then makes it known publicly his two third belief has perfected, and then helps you by deeds his belief has perfected in full.
By Allah who commissioned me as a true prophet, O Ali, I swear that if the people living on earth love you like those dwelling in the heavens, Allah would not send any one to hell.”
So I recite surah al Ikhlas thrice daily.”
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