Hazrat Sayed Shah Mohammed Ghouse Gwaliori was born in the Bihar ,in the village Ghazipur on 7th Rajjab 907 Hijri and died on 14th Ramazan 970 Hijri,his followers are all over the world.Hazrat is the seventh ancestor of the most popular Saint and poet Hazrat KHWAJA FARIDUDDIN ATTAR NISHAPURI IRAN.
The most honoured and famous saint of 16th century.Hazrat Sayed Shah Mohammed Ghouse Gwaliori was spiritually honoured by the Mogul king Humayun. Sangeet Samrat Tansen was his follower and his samadhy is near his Peer's dargah in Gwalior, he also was the Peero-Murshid of famous Indian Saints Hazrat Shahwajihuddin alwiyul gujrati (R.A.) and Hazrat Shah-ul-hamid Hazrat Kadarshahwali of Nagore sharif (south india)(R.A.).
Hazrat Sayed Shah Mohammed Ghouse Gwaliori stayed in Gujarat for 18 years in Sarangpur at the time of his stay in this area people came to meet him with the name "Chalo Shaikh Sahab Ke DOLATKHANE" and as such the area's name is today famous as SARANGPUR DOLATKHANA, where during his stay he build a mosque which is known as EK TODA'S MASJID .Where there at present his three Sons are burried (1) Hazrat Shah Ismailshah,(2) Hazrat Shah Uvaishshah and (3) Hajrat Shah Diwanshah Muzzaffarshah(BALAPIR),and one Grand Daughter Daulatkhawir alias Bibi Amttusshukur(R.A.). When Badshah Humayun came back to the Throne of Delhi he invited his Peer to come back to Agra, Humayun presented Hazrat Mohammed Gaus 1 Crore ashrafis 40 Elephants and 15 Mahals at the time of his arrival to Agra.
Hazrat belongs to the noble family and was direct descendant of Hzarat Imam Ali through the poet Attar. He was a son of Sayyid Hazir al-din (misspelled Khatir al-Din) Bayazid son of Classical Sufi poet Fariduddin Attar son of Sima Wasil son of Ahmad al-Sadiq son Najibuddin Taqiyuddin son of Nur Allah Abu Bakr al-Ajli son of Ismail son of Ja'far al-Sadiq son of Muhammad al-Baqir son of Zayn al-Abidin son of Husayn son of Ali ibn Abi Talib. Greatness and fame of the Shattari order reached new height during the era of Shah Sultan Haji Hameed Mohammed Ghouse/Gwauth Gwaliori Shattari . Shah Ghawth developed the Shattariyya more fully into a "distinctive order"; and also taught the Mughal Emperor Humayun,He wrote the book Jawahir-i khams, (The Five Jewels).The influence of the Shattari Order grew strong during Ghawth's leadership and spread through South Asia.
Royals like Babur, Humayun, and Akbar held him in very high esteem. He was a pioneer in adapting ancient Indian yogic practices and meditative techniques in folds of Sufism and was instrumental in promoting secular values in lives of royals and commoners around him. He authored many books such as Jawahar-e-Khamsa, Bahrul Hayat, Aurad-e-Ghosia, Risala-e-Mehraajiya, Jamaya, Kabid Makhajan, Kanjul Vahida, etc. His other scholarly works includes a hand written `Koran’ (translated in Persian language) which is over 400 years old and has been passed down through generations.
He earned extraordinary spiritual revelations and meditative powers spending 13 years in solitude of forest (jungle of chinaar) and devoted all his life in quest of the ultimate truth, in deep meditation and continues remembrance of GOD. His famous claim of experiencing the mystical journey `mehraaj’ thrice brought him trouble from extremist Islamic fronts to which he remained immune. Angered with this, Prominent and learned mufti of that time Hazrat Shah Wajihuudin Gujrati (Ahmedabad) came to issue fatwah against this claim but after witnessing his spiritual station (maqaam), surrendered and become a worthy disciple of Mohammed Ghouse Gwaliori. Ghawth, an unparallaled mystic philosopher and a supremely accomplished music maestro, became the tutor of the Mughal emperor Akbar's favorite and legendary musician, Tansen as well. Although Tansen was a Hindu by birth, Shah Ghawth adopted him as an orphan and tutored him in both Sufism and music, appointing him as one of the Khalifa (spiritual deputy) of Hazrat Mohammed Ghouse.Tansen was buried in Ghawth's tomb complex.
Ghouse's magnificent tomb in Gwalior is a well-known tourist attraction, regarded as an excellent example of Mughal Architecture, dating from c.1565,is the most famous Sufi monument in Gwalior, renowned for its beautiful perforated stone screen (jalis), which forms around the verandah surrounding the tomb’s central chamber. Each Jali is designed in unique beautiful pattern. The tomb is square stone building with a large central dome, which was originally covered with blue tiles, and hexagonal corner towers crowned by chhatris(Pavilions).
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