Rights of the Newly Born Child

Rights of the Newly Born Child :

Rights of the Newly Born Child
It's mentioned in the Qur'an : "For Allah alone is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He likes. He blesses with girls whom He wills and blesses with boys whom He wills."
►{Sura Ash-Shuraa Chapter 42 : Verse 49}
 
Qur'an mentions the following Du'a of the believers: "And these are the people who submit (before the Presence of Allah): ‘O our Lord, grant us coolness of eyes in our wives and our children, and make us leaders of the Godfearing people."
►{Surah Furqan , Chapter 25 : Verse 74}
 
Offspring is a great blessing from Almighty Allah and is a trust from Almighty Allah given to its parents. Although the child is most certainly a blessing, it is not a possession and  the child has God given rights that must be fulfilled.
 
We look at the following rights(huqooq) of the offsprings:
- Making Du'a for protection of offspring from Satan
- Tasmiya - Keeping Good Name
- Saying of Adhaan in the ears of a new-born child
- Doing tahneek for a new-born
- Performing Aqeeqah
- Shaving of the Hair and Sadaqa of equivalent weight of Silver
- Circumcision
 
Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, advised his companions and all believers to make the following supplication to Allah before intimacy: 'In the name of Allah. O Allah, protect us from Shaytan and protect any child You grant us from Shaytan,' 
►{Sahih Bukhari , Book about Beginning of Creation , Hadith # 3098}
 
 
Tasmiya - Keeping Good Name
Giving the  child  a good name is  an obligation of the parents.
 Abdullah ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu Anhu ) relates that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said
‘It is the duty of the father to keep a good name for his child, and to teach the child good manners’.
►{Reported by Imam Bayhaqi}
 
In another hadeeth, Abu Dardah(Radiyallahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah(peace be upon him) said ‘On the day of Qiyaamat, you will be summoned by your names and by the names of your fathers, so keep good names’.
►{Sunan Abu Dawud::Kitab Al-Adab, Musnad Imam Ahmed, Daarmi}
 
From these sayings and the practices of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, we get the guidance that it is the responsibility of the parents to give good names to their children or have them named by a pious person. The Prophet(peace be upon him) always chose names with good and beautiful meanings, even telling people to change their names if they had unpleasant meanings. Unfortunately , in the Indian subcontinent a lot of people have meaningless names 0r they have bad meanings. We should avoid such names.
 
Saying of Adhaan in the ears of a new-born childRights-of-the-newly-born-muslim-child.jpg
It is reported that Abu Rafi` (a Companion) said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and his household and grant them peace) give adhan in the ear of al-Hasan, the son of `Ali, when Fatimah gave birth to him."
►{Recorded by al-Tirmidhi:Calling the adhan in the ear of the newborn, Abu Dawud : Kitab Al-Adab, Ahmad, al-Hakim and al-Bayhaqi}
 
Commentary: In this hadeeth only the saying of adhaan has been mentioned, but in another hadeeth reported by Imam Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam prescribed the saying of adhaan in the right ear and iqaamah in the left ear (of the new-born child, and also mentioned its auspiciousness.  He said, that on account of it, the child remained
safe from infantile epilepsy.
 
Imam Hussain Ibn Ali(Radiyallahu Anhu) has narrated on a good authority that the child who has azaan said in his right ear and Iqamah in the left ear, InshaAllah , he/she will never suffer from Ummus Sibyaan(a kind of epilepsy in children that shrink their bodies)
►{Shu'abul Imaan , Vol. 6 , Page 390, Hadith # 8619; Musnad Abu Yaala}
 
As these ahaadeeth show, the primary claim of a child on his parents is that his ears, and through his ears, his head and heart are made aquainted with the name of the Almighty and His Oneness and with the Call of Faith and salaah.  The best way to it, evidently, is that adhaan and iqaamah are said in his ears, as these impart the knowledge of spirit and the
fundamental practices of Islam in a most effect manner.
 
Doing Tahneeq for a newly born child
When a child was born in the family of the Sahaaba (R.A.), they would take it to the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam so that he would bless it, and apply the part of a date chewed by him, to its palate, which the Sahaaba believed would help to keep the child safe from evils and bring it good fortune.  This is called 'Tahneeq' in Islamic terms
 
This is called 'Tahneeq' in Islamic terms Hazrat Ayesha (Radiyallahu Anha) narrates that "The people used to bring their new-born children to the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and he would bless them and perform the Tahneeq."
 
This shows that when a child is born in a Muslim home, it should be taken to a virtuous, pious person to receive his blessing and have the Tahneeq done.  It is one of the Sunnah practices that have now sadly become extinct.
 
It is related that Abu Musa said, "A son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who named him Ibrahim, and rubbed his upper mouth with a date, prayed for blessing for him and then returned him to me." That was the oldest child of Abu Musa.
► {Sahih Bukhari , Book of Aqiqa , Hadith # 5150}
 
 
Performing Aqeeqah
The practice of aqeeqah was observed among the Arabs, even during the Age of lgnorance, for this very reason. The hair on the child's head was shaved off and its weight equivalent was sacrificed as a mark of rejoicing - which was a characteristic feature of Millat-u Ibrahim (the religion of Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) While preserving the practice in principle, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam gave appropriate instructions, and he set an example of how it was to be done.
 
It is reported by Buraidah (R.A.) that "During the Age of Ignorance", when a child was born to anyone of us, we used to slaughter a goat and smear the head of the child with its blood.  Later, after the dawn of Islam, our practice became, (on the advice of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that we sacrifice a goat of aqeeqah on the seventh day after the birth of a child,
and shave the head of the infant, and apply saffron on it."
► {Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol 3 , Page 144 , Hadith #2843}
 
Since, as we have seen, the aqeeqah served as a useful purpose in many ways, and was also in keeping with the spirit of Islam and, perhaps, like the rituals of Hai, it was among the remaining practices of Millat-u-Ibrahim, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam preserved the reality of aqeeqah, but corrected the backward practices that had become associated with it. The aqeeqah ceremony was also observed by the Jews, but they sacrificed an animal only in the case of a male child - which was indicative of the lesser value placed on girls in the pre-Islamic times.  The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam corrected this too, and enjoined that the aqeeqah of girls should also be performed, like that of the boys.  However, keeping in mind the natural difference between the two sexes, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam laid down that while one goat was to be sacrificed in the aqeeqah of a female child, two should be sacrificed in the aqeeqah of a male child - provided that one's financial position permitted it.
 
It is reported by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn-ul-Aa's (R.A.) that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said "To whomsoever a child is born, and he wants to perform a sacrifice of aqeeqah on behalf of it, he should sacrifice two goats for a boy and one for a girl."
 
Commentary: As is evident in this hadeeth, aqeeqah is not obligatory, but it is among the Mustahab acts, i.e. those acts which are recommended and rewardable but are not binding or compulsory.In the same way it is not necessary to sacrifice two goats for a male-child.  It is better to sacrifice two, if one can afford it, otherwise, one is enough.
 
Aqiqah Of New Born Muslim Child- Sarkarhealings
Shaving of the hair and giving Sadaqa of the newly born child
In some ahaadeeth, the giving away in charity of silver equal in weight to the child's shaved hair, or its price in cash, is also mentioned, in addition to the sacrifice of the animal.  This too is Mustahab and not compulsory.
 
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ja'far ibn Muhammad that his father said, "Fatima, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, weighed the hair of Hasan, Husayn, Zaynab and Umm Kulthum, and gave away in sadaqa an equivalent weight of silver."
► { Muwatta Imam Malik, The Book of Aqiqa}
 
The command to perform the aqeeqah on the day of the birth has not been given, perhaps for the reason that, at the time the family is occupied with the needs and comforts of the mother and the shaving of the hair (head) can also be harmful to the child.  Generally, after a week the mother gets well and does not need special attention and the baby, too becomes strong enough to go through the shaving of the hair.In some other ahaadeeth, it is said that the child should also be named on the seventh day, together with aqeeqah, but from a few other ahaadeeth it appears that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had named children even on the day of their birth.  There is, as such, no harm in naming the child before the seventh day, but if it has not been done, the child should be named on the seventh day, together with the aqeeqah.
 
The aqeeqah ceremony, as we've seen consists of two acts: the shaving of the hair (head) and the sacrifice of the animal.  There is a peculiar link between the two acts and these acts are among the religious practices of Millat-u-ibrahim.  In Haj, too, they go together - where the pilgrims have their hair (head) shaved after the Adhiyah.  Thus, aqeeqah also, is a practical demonstration of our association with Nabee Ibrahim (A.S.) and of the fact that the child, too, is a member of the same community.
 
 
Circumcision For Male newly born child
 

 

 

 

Boys wait to be circumcised

Boys wait to be circumcised at Beni Messous Hospital in Algiers September 26, 2008. Circumcision is compulsory for Muslim boys under the Sharia law (Islamic Law).REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra (ALGERIA)

Circumcision is a Sunnah and it is from amongst the Symbolic Islamic Practices.When the embryo is born and his body`s systems begin to function and the urinary passage begins to do its task, there may be some mold scratch or pathological symptoms, therefore, God the Almighty orders circumcision to protect the body from such troubles. Therefore, the existence of the skin is necessary for the embryo while it is in its mother`s womb, It denotes the perfection of creation and the marvelous divine discipline. It’s cutting after birth and existing in life is necessary and a mercy from God to man.
Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,
"The natural form of man (fitra) involves five things - or there are five things which are part of the natural form of man: circumcision, shaving the pubic hair, cutting the nails, removing hair from the armpits and trimming the moustache."
►{Muwatta of Imam Malik::The Description of the Prophet (pbuh),Hadith #3 ,Al Adab Al-Mufrad by Imam Bukhari,Hadith #1257 ; Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, Page 127 Hadith # 495}
 Circumcision being performed in central Asia
The stipulated time frame for circumcision is from the age of seven up to the age of twelve, and some Ulama have mentioned that it is also permissible to perform the circumcision from after the seventh day from birth. 
► [Fatawa Alamgiri]

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